Virginia Boulet, age 61, has been a director since 1995. Since March 2014, Ms. Boulet has served as Managing Director of Legacy Capital LLC, an investment banking firm based in New Orleans, Louisiana. Previously, she was Special Counsel at Adams and Reese LLP, a law firm, from March 2002 to March 2014. She practiced as a corporate and securities attorney for Phelps Dunbar, L.L.P. from 1992 to 2002 and for Jones Walker L.L.P. from 1983 to 1992. She is currently a director of W&T Offshore, Inc. Ms. Boulet is a member of the Nominating and Corporate Governance (Chair) and Compensation Committees.
Peter C. Brown, age 56, has been a director since July 1, 2009. He has served as Chairman of Grassmere Partners, LLC, a private investment firm, since July 2009. From 1991 until his retirement in February 2009, Mr. Brown held several executive level positions with AMC Entertainment Inc., a theatrical exhibition company, including Chairman of the Board, President and Chief Executive Officer. In 1997, he founded EPR Properties, a NYSE-listed real estate investment trust, formerly known as Entertainment Properties Trust, and he served as a member of the Board of Trustees until 2003. Mr. Brown is currently a director of EPR Properties and Cinedigm Corp., and he formerly served as director of National CineMedia, Inc. Prior to July 1, 2009, he served as a director of Embarq. Mr. Brown is a member of the Audit and Risk Evaluation Committees.
Richard A. Gephardt, age 74, has been a director since July 1, 2009. He has served as Chief Executive Officer and President of Gephardt Group, LLC, a multi-discipline consulting firm, since January 2005. He has also served as a consultant to Goldman Sachs & Co since January 2005. He served as a strategic advisor in the government affairs practice group of DLA Piper between 2005 and 2009, and as a senior advisor to FTI Consulting between 2007 and 2009. From 1976 to 2005, he served as a member of the U.S. House of Representatives, representing Missouri’s Third District and holding key leadership positions, including House Minority Leader. He currently serves as a director of Centene Corporation, Ford Motor Company, Spirit Aerosystems Holdings, Inc. and United States Steel Corporation. Mr. Gephardt was formerly a director of Dana Holding Company within the past five years. Prior to July 1, 2009, Mr. Gephardt was a director of Embarq.
W. Bruce Hanks, age 60, has been a director since 1992. He has served as a consultant with Graham, Bordelon, Golson and Gilbert, Inc., an investment management and financial planning company, since December 1, 2005. From March 2001 to June 2004, Mr. Hanks served as Athletic Director of the University of Louisiana at Monroe. From August 1980 to March 2001, he held various executive positions at CenturyLink, including Chief Operating Officer, Senior Vice President -- Corporate Development and Strategy, Chief Financial Officer, Senior Vice President -- Revenues and External Affairs, and President -- Telecommunications Services. Prior to then, Mr. Hanks worked as a certified public accountant with Peat, Marwick & Mitchell for three years. He is currently an advisory director of IberiaBank Corporation. Mr. Hanks also previously served on the executive boards of several telecommunications industry associations and the boards of other publicly-owned companies. Mr. Hanks is a member of the Audit (Chair) and Risk Evaluation Committees.
Gregory J. McCray, age 52, has been a director since 2005. Since July 2013, he has served as Chief Executive Officer of Aero Communications, Inc. which provides installation, engineering and support services to the communications industry. Previously, he served as interim Chief Executive Officer of ACAL Energy Ltd., which develops fuel cell engine technology, from January 2013 to July 2013. He served as Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Antenova Limited, a global wireless components development company, from January 2003 to December 2012. He served as Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of PipingHot Networks, a wireless start-up, from November 2000 to November 2002. At Lucent Technologies, Mr. McCray served as Senior Vice President -- Customer Operations from June 1997 to October 2000 and as Sales Vice President -- U.S. Eastern Region from January 1994 to May 1997. From May 1984 to December 1993, he held engineering, product management and other managerial roles at AT&T and IBM. Mr. McCray is a member of the Compensation and Nominating and Corporate Governance Committees.
C. G. Melville, Jr., age 74, has been a director since 1968. He served as President of Melville Equipment, Inc., a family-owned distributor of marine and industrial equipment, for nearly thirty years until his retirement in 1992. He was Chief Executive Officer of a family-owned telephone company for six years prior to its sale to CenturyLink in 1968. Mr. Melville is a member of the Risk Evaluation (Chair) and Nominating and Corporate Governance Committees.
William A. Owens, age 74, has been a director since July 1, 2009. Since July 1, 2009, he has served non-executive Chairman of the Board of Directors of CenturyLink. Mr. Owens has also served as co-founder and Chairman of Red Bison Advisory Group LLC, a company involved in providing telecommunications and enterprise technology solutions, since January 2014. Previously, he served as Managing Director and Chairman of AEA Investors Asia, a private equity company, from 2006 to 2014. He served as Vice Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer of Nortel Networks Corporation, a global supplier of communications equipment, from 2004 to 2005. He served as Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Teledesic LLC, a satellite communications company, from 1998 to 2003. He also served as Vice Chairman, President and Chief Operating Officer of Science Applications International Corporation, a technology and engineering company, from 1996 to 1998. From 1962 to 1996, he served in the U.S. military, holding various key leadership positions, including Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. He is currently a director of AEA Investors LP, Polycom, Inc., Viasystems Group, Inc., and Wipro Limited. Within the past five years, he formerly served as a director of Unifrax Corporation and Amerilink. Prior to July 1, 2009, he was Chairman of the Board of Embarq. Mr. Owens is a member of the Compensation and Nominating and Corporate Governance Committees.
Harvey P. Perry, age 70, has been a director since 1990. Since January 1, 2004, he has served as non-executive Vice Chairman of the Board of Directors of CenturyLink. He retired from CenturyLink in 2003. Mr. Perry joined CenturyLink in 1984, serving as Secretary and General Counsel at CenturyLink for approximately twenty years and as Executive Vice President and Chief Administrative Officer for almost five years. Prior to joining CenturyLink, Mr. Perry worked as an attorney in private practice for 15 years. Mr. Perry is a member of the Risk Evaluation Committee.
Glen F. Post, III, age 62, has been a director since 1985. Mr. Post has served as Chief Executive Officer of CenturyLink since 1992 and as President of CenturyLink since July 1, 2009 (and from 1990 to 2002). Mr. Post served as Chairman of the Board of CenturyLink from June 2002 to June 2009 and as Vice Chairman of the Board of CenturyLink from 1993 and 2002. Mr. Post has also held various other positions at CenturyLink between 1976 and 1993, most notably Treasurer, Chief Financial Officer and Chief Operating Officer.
Michael J. Roberts, age 64, has been a director since April 1, 2011. He is the co-founder of LYFE Kitchen, an emerging chain of lifestyle restaurants, serving as a board member since May 2014 and as Chief Executive Officer from February 2011 to May 2014. Previously, he served as Chief Executive Officer and founder of Westside Holdings LLC, a marketing and brand development company, from 2006 to 2013. He served as President and Chief Operating Officer of McDonald’s Corporation, a foodservice retailer, from 2004 to 2006; Chief Executive Officer of McDonald’s USA during 2004; and President of McDonald’s USA from 2001 to 2004. Mr. Roberts is currently a director of W.W. Grainger, Inc. He formerly served as a director of Standard Parking Corporation within the past five years. Prior to April 1, 2011, he served as a director of Qwest. Mr. Roberts is a member of the Audit Committee.
Laurie A. Siegel, age 59, has served as a director since July 1, 2009. Since 2012, she has served as a business and human resources consultant. She retired in September 2012 from Tyco International Ltd., a diversified manufacturing and service company, where she served as Senior Vice President of Human Resources and Internal Communications since 2003. From 1994 to 2002, she held various positions with Honeywell International Inc., including Vice President of Human Resources — Specialty Materials. She was previously a director of global compensation at Avon Products and a principal of Strategic Compensation Associates. Prior to July 1, 2009, Ms. Siegel was director of Embarq. Ms. Siegel is a member of the Compensation Committee (Chair).
Joseph R. Zimmel, age 61, has been a director since 2003. Since November 2002, he has served as a business and financial consultant. From December 2001 to November 2002, Mr. Zimmel served as Advisory Director of the Goldman Sachs Group. From 1999 to 2001, he served as Managing Director of the Communications, Media & Entertainment Group for the Americas in the investment banking division of Goldman, Sachs & Co. after acting as Managing Director and a co-head of the group from 1992 to 1999. From 1988 to 1992, he served as Managing Director in the mergers and acquisitions department of Goldman, Sachs & Co. He is currently a director of FactSet Research Systems Inc. He formerly served a director of Digitas, Inc. within the past five years. Mr. Zimmel is a member of the Audit Committee.