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When traceroute is useful

Traceroute #4 shows an increase in latency between hops 3 and 4. This matches the diagram below with the red arrow indicating congestion between MIN and OMH. Later on we’ll see how this doesn’t always hold true.

We can also see the latency continues on to hop 5.

Looking at the interface between MIN and OMH confirms the link is saturated:

MIN#show interfaces Serial0/0
Serial0/0 is up, line protocol is up
  Hardware is DSCC4 with integrated T1 CSU/DSU
  Description: Connection to OMH S0/1
  Internet address is 192.168.1.10/30
  MTU 1500 bytes, BW 50 Kbit, DLY 20000 usec,
     reliability 255/255, txload 245/255, rxload 249/255

Traceroute #4
Click image to enlarge